Friday, January 29, 2010

Ottawa Art Assocation 2009 Art Contest Category: 'Oils'

Erwin Mistlberger, 1st Place for "Natures Splendour"

Lucy Kuwahara, Honorable Mention for "Light"

Pat Hendry, 3rd Place for "South Marsh"

Alberta Dickson, 2nd Place for "Bright Light"

Absent, Helene Martin, Honorable Mention for "Carlos"

Seven Photos that Changed Canada

A selection of pictures which defined Canada at a particular time in history.

Please click here to be taken to the CBC selection.

Thursday, January 28, 2010

Chinese Army Marches into Canada

Coming June 2010 to the ROM, Toronto. The first step on their cross Canada March. The Terra Cotta Army. Click here.

More on Sir Frederick Banting's Artwork

I discovered this You Tube video, on Sir Frederick Banting and his painting, after publishing the blog entry on Sir Frederick about a week ago.

The video was made from inside the Gibson Centre for the Arts in Alliston, On., where there was a showing of Sir Fredericks' works to commemorate World Diabetes Day.

Wednesday, January 27, 2010

Daphne Odjig, Ojibway Artist

Daphne Odjig was born in 1919, of mixed parentage. Her mother was an English war bride and her father was Ojibway. Daphne was born on Wikewemikong Reserve on Manitoulin Island, Ontario.

Daphne's abilities became noticed after Norval Morriseau set native art into a place of prominence, and she had her first showing in Port Arthur (Now Thunder Bay), in 1967.

Wikipedia attributes Daphne to be the initiator of the Native Artists Group of Seven after their first meeting at her home in Winnipeg. She followed that by creating the Native Artists Professional Association.

Daphne was the only female member of the Woodland Art Group of Seven and her works were noted for the value she placed on female and family values.

Daphne received her tribe's noted Eagle Feather and the Order of Canada and a 1998 Aboriginal Achievement Award.

Please check this reference site:

Also: Click here for the Wikipedia source.

Tuesday, January 26, 2010

The Inuit a Vanishing Way of Life, by Richard Harrington

This CBC item, features a video presentation of the Inuit - A Vanishing Breed.
The Video presents a photo exhibit from Winnipeg. Be prepared for 30 seconds of commercial time before viewing the video. Viewing time: 2 minutes 36 seconds.

Richard Harrington (1911- 2005): Photographs of a Vanishing Way of Life
The Winnipeg Art Gallery presents the exhibition Arctic Photographer until March 14, 2010. The exhibit features a selection of iconic photographs from Harrington’s work in Canada’s eastern arctic region. Throughout 10 years Harrington visited the arctic, photographing the Inuit who lived in the Padlei region and those who depended on the migration patterns of the caribou. During the 1950s, travelling to this region was difficult and not many ventured north of the Hudson’s bay. Travelling by dogsled, Harrington discovered that many of the people in the northern region were starving and, upon returning to Churchill, he began raising awareness of the problem. He made five successive trips to the arctic region and became one of Canada’s most well-known arctic photographers. Originally from Germany, Harrington immigrated to Canada in the mid-1920s. Over the course of his career, Harrington also travelled to approximately 100 countries. From his travels, he published over 2400 of his photographs in magazines and he produced 24 books. One of his most famous exhibitions, Incredible Journeys, was held at the Canadian museum of Photography in Toronto.

Please click here to see the CBC news profile.

Monday, January 25, 2010

Petrus Boots


Petrus Boots was born in 1959 in Alkamaar, Netherlands. He emigrated to Canada as a boy and his family moved to Ontario. Petrus shares a unique relationship with his brother Johannus, insomuch as both are accomplished artists. Petrus works in graphites and oils. He labels his style 'unconfined realism' and he uses it to search for truth and spirit. Petrus has done several excellent paintings of the southwest, USA and has been on a quest to capture the spirit and power of its red rocks.

Petrus writes of inspiration:
"The need for a change of consciousness within our world and the individuals who devote their lives to these efforts. The landscape of the Southwest. The subtle curves of the female form and of course the Light which makes it all possible."

For those who would like to see more of the art of both Stefanie Clark and Petrus, you are invited to drop into their gallery 'Art Unseen', near Apsley, On on Jacks' Lake Road. Otherwise, please click here to see their website.

Sunday, January 24, 2010

Stefanie Clark an eclectic artist

Stefanie Clarke

Over a span of almost twenty years, Stefanie has developed her talent in several areas including pen and ink, coloured pencil, and silkscreen design. With the advancement of computer technology, she has embraced this new tool as well in the creation and enhancement of her pieces. Born in Kingston, Ontario in 1969, Stefanie grew up on a farm, and spent most of her childhood cartooning and doodling. In 1990, after her final year of schooling in graphic design, she applied her talent to her own calling, and in the following fifteen years created a body of work that varies enormously.
Many things awaken Stefanie’s inspiration. The effect of light and shadow within Nature is a major influence, and she has also made photography one of her treasured respites. Dreams and visions, the old masters, the ancient ways of the First Peoples, and the beauty of archetype and classical lines … these are all elements that drive her creative process.
For most of her life Stefanie has pursued her artistic career with intent to convey her respect for all life, and wishes to invoke in others a humble appreciation of the diversity and beauty that is our planet. If her art brings a spark of this wonder to the eye of the viewer, then a little bit of light has been added to the world. Undoubtedly Stefanie will be exploring new subject matter, in hopes of expressing her profound empathy for our world of today.
Currently living in the forest surrounding Apsley, Ontario, Stefanie and her partner Petrus have recently opened their home to the public as Art Unseen Studio and Gallery. It is here where she displays a diverse selection of her originals. Together they raise their daughter Samsara, and Stefanie continues to create, building her body of work and enjoying the peace of Nature.

Saturday, January 23, 2010

Creative toggling

'Letting Go'
Setting: Atlantic Coast,Barbados

I was in the groove today. The paint was flowing well, and I was in that beautiful creative 'zone', a place where rational decisons and intuitive actions were in harmony - the zone where I was flipping back and forth between good decision making and 'gut feeling'.

Later in the day, I read a few pages from Malcolm Gladwell's 'blink' and it drew me back to my morning painting session. Suddenly, the light went on. Gladwell had described my morning session through the writings of psychologist, Timothy Wilson:

As the psychologist Timothy D. Wilson writes in his book, Strangers to Ourselves:
"The mind operates most efficiently by relegating a good deal of high -level, sophisticated thinking to the unconscious, just as a modern jetliner is able to fly on automatic pilot with little or no input from the human, 'conscious' pilot.
The adaptive unconscious does an excellent job of sizing up the world, warning people of danger, setting goals, and initiating action in a sophisticated and efficient manner."

Wilson says that we toggle back and forth between our conscious and unconscious modes of thinking, depending on the situation.

Reference: blink
page 12.
Malcolm Gladwell,
Black Bay Books,
Little Brown and Company, New York Boston, London
c 2005

Thursday, January 21, 2010

Ottawa Art Associaton: 2009 Fall Acrylics Winners

Honourable Mention: Donna Randall, "Fleurs d'Ottawa"
Hamid Ayoub, 3rd Place "Sunny Day"
William Hulme, 2nd Place for "Early Spring"
Absent, Joan Tibble, 1st Place for "Untitled"

Wednesday, January 20, 2010

Tom Thompson

West Wind.

Picture Source:

Quote from You Tube Video:
"Thompson was like the worst artist when he began. He was really bad."...."His maturity just last three years."

An intriquing You Tube video on artist Tom Thompson. This video could not be exported and can only be seen directly from this You Tube page. Please click here.

Monday, January 18, 2010

Tina Picard shoots and scores

Tina Picard

Tina Picard is radidly making her presence known in the Canadian Visual Arts scene.
Tina is an Ottawa based photographer, who specializes in fashion, portrait, family and wedding photography. Then when she has some free time she turns her lens loose and connects with some great photo landscape works as well.

Tina writes:
The haunted houses

I took the four first photos near Bathurst, New Brunswick. The house that we see in the pictures has been abandonned for a while, and the weather outside seemed to be perfect for a spooky-dark photo shoot. I went there with my friend Jimmy who served as a model at the same time. Another picture of this series was taken at another location, it was at another abandoned house in Madawaska, Maine. That house wasn't that old, and it was actually surprising to see that it was abandoned since it was a huge house and people that lived there must have had a lot of money. The last set of pictures were taken at an abandoned house in Ste-Anne-de-Madawaska, New Brunswick. I absolutely love those kind of photo shoots, and try to work on some whenever I have free time. Here are a few pictures I got from those three photo shoots:

Look for the other pictures in this set to appear from time to time on the blog, or if you are eager click here to be taken to her blog where they can be found.

Saturday, January 16, 2010

Polar Bear by Jimmy Peetooloosie

Jimmy Petooloosie
The young artist resides in the community of Cape Dorset,
a small but important settlement on the south coast of
Baffin Island.

His father, Joanassie and his brother Noah are prominent
carvers. Joanassie encouraged his sons to carve and
make extra money from their work, and he permitted them
to assist him on their early efforts.

Jimmy Peetooloosie speaks both his native language of
Inkutitut and English. He enjoys both his life in Cape
Dorset and particularly life on the land, where each
member of the family has their own favorite summer camp.

This artist is known for his depictions of wildlife,
particularly the polar Bear.

text from:

Friday, January 15, 2010

On the hand of the artist.

I found this online and took a minute to look at it and thought of the charcoal portraits I have at home. They were created by travelling portrait artists before the age of photography. I cannot pass them by without looking admiring the subtleties which they capture and I see a beauty in them that surpasses photography.

Am I showing my personal biases? Yes, I suppose so. And, I apologize to the photograpahic artists who read my blog.

I have enormous respect and appreciation for the works of Yousef Karsh, who I have featured on the blog. Most certainly - he was a supreme artist with a lens.

But yet....I am drawn like a moth to my small collection of charcoal portraits. They haunt me and give me a sense of immediacy both with the artist who drew them and to the subject they portrayed.

Thursday, January 14, 2010

The Beauty of Newfoundland, from Rolf Hicker's Canadian Album

Rolf was born in Freising in Southern Bavaria, Germany and has been passionate about photography since his childhood. He became a full time professional photographer once he turned 18. Don't miss to visit rolf's german website: Rolf's Tier- und Naturfotografie.

He travels the world over photographing in remote locations where he captures dramatic impressions of nature, breathtaking scenery, and sensational animal pictures. He is frequently commissioned by governments seeking to increase travel and interest in their countries and has filmed and photographed in North America, South America, Galapagos, Africa, Europe, New Zealand and Asia.

He specializes in North America and has spent more than seven years following the seasons capturing images in Canada, Alaska, and in the USA before moving to British Columbia, Canada

"I'se the b'y that builds the boat
And I'se the b'y that sails her
I's the b'y that catches the fish,
And takes them home to Lizer.

Hip your partner Sally Tibbo
Hip your partner Sally Brown
Fogo, Twillingate, Morton's Harbour,
All around the circle."
"Newfoundland Folk Song, I'se the B'y"
Thanks to Rolf Hicker for this beautiful photograph from near Twillingate, Newfoundland. Please click here to see Rolf's collection of Canadian works.

Wednesday, January 13, 2010

Mystery on the Lunenburg Anglican Church Ceiling

Parishioners at one of Canada's oldest Anglican churches will be puzzled by an enduring enigma when they gaze heavenward this Christmas.

The chancel ceiling at St. John's Anglican Church in Lunenburg, N.S., has a special pattern of gilded stars on it, and while locals now know what it represents, they have yet to find out who originally designed it, or how.

The conundrum emerged after the church, built in 1754, burned on Halloween night in 2001 as a result of arson. The parish sought to reconstruct the building's interior as closely as possible, and it brought in parishioner Margaret Coolen in 2004 to re-create the ceiling over the altar.

But the church didn't have a complete set of photographs of the original star pattern, so Coolen, hoping the pattern reflected the actual alignment of heavenly bodies in the night sky, sought the help of astronomer David Turner of Saint Mary's University in Halifax.

That's when the first mystery emerged.

Turner recognized the constellation Perseus in the photos of the eastern part of the chancel ceiling. But Perseus, seen from Lunenburg, always lies in the northern part of the sky and never due east.

"We looked at them and didn't recognize any of the star groups," Coolen explained of the constellations' positions. "It looked like they might just simply be put up at random, but it didn't seem like someone would go to that trouble to put just random stars on the ceiling."

Coolen suggested that Turner instead look at the stars' alignment around 2,000 years ago — on Christmas Eve in the year of Jesus' birth.

Then, using software that plots the positions of heavenly bodies throughout history, Turner had a revelation: The chancel ceiling's pattern indeed reflected quite closely how the night sky would have looked from Lunenburg all those years past, when constellations appeared in somewhat different locations than today.

"I set the scene for sunset, and bingo! I found myself looking at Perseus in the eastern sky," he said.

But while the finding has excited parishioners at St. John's Anglican, who now know that they are gazing up at the heavens as they would have appeared on the eve of their Saviour's birth, it has also perplexed them.

The ornamentation they once merely called "Mariner's Sky" holds a stellar motif of immense astronomical significance. But who could possibly have calculated the astral positions, and how, remains a mystery.

Extracted from the CBC News website. Dec. 24, 2009. Click here.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010

Our National Parliament Buildings - a treasure in sculpturing, and carving.

For those Canadians fortunate enough to tour our Parliament buildings in Ottawa, it is a visual delight for those interested in carvings in both wood and stone, and in viewing elegant portraits of former prime ministers.

This featured sculpture is of a young Queen Victoria and was sculpted by Marshall Wood in 1871.

Parliament gained a permanent home after Queen Victoria chose Ottawa as the capital in 1857. The Library building, designed in the High Victorian Gothic Revival style by Thomas Fuller and Chilion Jones, opened in 1876. Its circular shape and the use of galleries and alcoves were the inspiration of the first Parliamentary Librarian, Alpheus Todd. He recommended that the building be “spacious and lofty” and wisely advised that it be separated from the Centre Block by a corridor to protect it from fire.

The information for this posting came from the Government of Canada website. Please click here.

Please click, Public Art in Montreal, here.

Monday, January 11, 2010

Vic Atkinson - An Artist of many Talents

Bridge to the City. Scheduled to appear on the January cover of the Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine.

Vic Atkinson

Vic Atkinson brings to his personal life palette a rich variety of life experiences.
His background has been in animated film with some set design, live
action and commercial art as well as serious painting. Vic paints in acrylics and oils, and does some egg tempera work as well.

Vic was born in London England, and he attended the notable Camberwell School of Fine Art. He later emigrated to Canada, where he presently lives in a small town near Ottawa, Ontario.

Vic had his own animation production company for ten years and produced many half-hour award winning television specials. He also produced a 25 minute
segment for the Columbia Pictures film "Heavy Metal", which is now
a cult classic.

It is interesting to note that Vic worked with Bill Mason on an animated series for Crawley Films, called the 'Wizard of Oz'. Bill was a respected film maker and was featured in the Friday, Dec. 4th, 2009 issue of this blog.

Vic's works are represented by Artrax Gallery in Port Credit, Ontario.

Please click here to visit Vic's personal website and to see his rich portfolio.

Vic's works can be viewed by clicking here.

Friday, January 8, 2010

Did AY Jackson's 'The Red Maple' influence the creation of the Canadian Flag?

A River, some rocks and a small tree with red leaves. Did this painting, have a profound influence upon the selection of the Red Maple Leaf for the Canadian flag?

When the late Prime Minister Lester Pearson, sought public input into ideas for the flag which would represent our country, George Stanely, submitted a single maple leaf, drawn in red ink.

Stanley wrote that the single maple leaf, "suggests the idea of loyalty to a single country".

But the power of the brush is mighty and when AY Jackson set down his brush and signed his work off, did he create an iconic symbol which would influence the hand that drew the red ink maple leaf that became our flag?

Of course not?

click here to read George Stanely's obituary in the Ottawa Citizen.

More on Totems

Cinda Chavich

Published on Friday, Jan. 29, 2010 5:11PM EST

Last updated on Saturday, Jan. 30, 2010 3:46AM EST

"It's dark and drizzling when I finally reach the village of Gitanyow, but the dull weather can't blunt the striking scene before me. Here, alongside the muddy main road, stand more than 20 weathered totem poles, the carved crests and lineage of families who have lived here for centuries. While it's impressive to see these stark sentinels in any setting – whether in a museum, art gallery or urban park – the chance to view the poles in situ, in the First Nations community where they belong, is both wonderful and humbling.

And in this isolated Gitksan village, in northern British Columbia, I'm among some of the oldest standing poles in the world.

“This one is from 1760, this 1880, and 1910,” says hereditary chief and local museum curator Deborah Good, as we walk among the remains of the weathered wooden figures, many which had been left to rot on the ground before this small museum was opened in 2008"..............

From the Globe and Mail, January 29.2010
Please click here to read the complete article

Thursday, January 7, 2010

Nostalgia at its best.

As a guy, I like this.

I have to confess that I no longer "lather up", but I did so for years and loved it.
There was something decidedly masculine about it. And, don't be confused about it having anything to do with being on some kind of quest for the 'perfect shave.' No way. It was pure ritual, all the way, with every hot frothy rub of the brush.

It would take me back to those summer holidays at the cottage.

I had vivid memories of my dad, stripped to his waist, or wearing one of those vest style undershirts with those little hooked straps over his shoulders, and with his braces hanging down, looped from his waist, and with his face lathered, as he stood looking at a mirror hanging from a tree, engaging in a ritual as old as the many generations of the men of my family in Canada.

Most certainly, the 'real men' of my family wouldn't be caught dead making toilette in an indoor washroom. For one thing, such a thing didn't exist in their early log shanty homes.

And heavens forbid, none of my ancestral males, would grind their stubble with some kind of modern electric thingy, let alone put perfumed water on their faces.

Shaving like this was seasonal - when a man would blow the stink of house off his skin, and stand half stripped outside, and take his water from a hot basin and lather up with brush and mug and shave with the scent of cedar in the air. And then, when finished, the soapy water would arc into the air, and he would walk over to the hand pump and complete his ritual with bracing handfulls of cold, clean, water.

And it all came back when I chanced upon Sara Bonnyman's website, and discovered her 'moss scuttles'. Sara touched base with something which seems to have been lost with the passage of time.

Click here to see Sara's other fine works of pottery and of course, her shaving scuttles.

Wednesday, January 6, 2010

William Armstrong's Secret Signature

Artists have been known to sign their works in many different ways, but William Armstrong might claim the most unusual signature.

Armstrong was comissioned to produce a large watercolour painting of Toronto's old city hall. The painting was commissioned to generate interest in the building project.

Armstrong didn't scrawl his name across the bottom of his painting. In fact, you would have to look hard to discover who exactly did paint it. But the clue is there to be found. A close observation reveals in the bottom left corner, a figure carrying a sandwich board with Armstrong's initials.

This is almost as bizarre as the way EJ Lennox left his name on the building. But, thats a story for another blog entry on another day.

Source: City of Toronto website

Tuesday, January 5, 2010

Architecture: Royal Ontario Museum Addition - The Worst of Architectural Designs?

The Michael Lee-Chin Crystal. Sure, there were a lot of Wal-Marts thrown up in the Aughts, but Daniel Libeskind's addition to the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto surpasses the ugliness of bland functional buildings by being both ugly and useless. His aluminum-and-glass-clad crystalline forms grow out of the building's original 1914 structure, and from the street it's dramatic. But go inside and you need a map to move around its irrational and baffling dead spaces.

And where do you put art in a room of canted walls? Curators seem as baffled and frustrated by it as casual visitors. And it cost only $250 million.

Please click here to see the Washington Post Article.

Toronto Mayor Miller says:
"The Crystal's interesting," he said. "I think it will be interesting to hear people's opinions. There's going to be strong opinions on both sides."

CBC article says opinions on the architecture are divided. Click here

Monday, January 4, 2010

Kenneth Gordon, Hay Stacks

It seems easy to be an impressionistic landscape painter. Nature lends itself to being interpreted by artists on their own terms. But, its quite a different story when it comes to painting the human landscape. You can only bend, buildings, and streets so much before distortion creates visual discordance.

In Haystacks, we find Kenneth Gordon taking a commonplace country scene and using its basic elements to his advantage.

Look at the one, elongated, lower cloud that crosses the canvas. It's gently bent,indeed, almost rounded, as it points towards the horizon.

The woodlot on the right, moves relentlessly up the field, in the same direction as the shorn rows of wheat on the left. And if you look carefully, the line of trees is narrow, so narrow in fact, that it looks almost like a moving column of trees. And, his subject, the hay stacks are contained in the middle zone and this creates a sense of everything relentlessly forward.

Gordon furthers this sense of movement with his shorn rows on the left side of his work, undulating in gently curving lines, and his hay stacks appear to be gently contoured and shaped by the wind.

Its these little things which turn an ordinary scene into an extraordinary painting.

Sunday, January 3, 2010

Bridge to Solitude by Barry Atkinson

Bridge to Solitude, by Barry Atkinson teases my imagination. Its one of six paintings in his Japanese garden set.

I find that many traditional Asian artworks hang in a land suspended by the notes of an Eastern musical instrument. They exist. They say little. They are caught in a place where time is suspended.

Bridge to Solitiude as has lot to say in a gentle way, and it says it well. There is a visual pathway, up the tree trunk, over the bridge, up the waterfalls towards the moonlight. This is a subdued place, where mood is created by misty diffused light. The scene emerges out of mist. Is there something beyond the mountain? Who really cares? Maybe there's nothing. It's all so mystical.

But yet, the hand of man is all over it.

This is a cultured, refined and manicured world. This is a world of control and design. It doesn't just happen. The tree has no surplus branches - there are no twiggy bits that don't belong. There is no chaos. No ramdom pieces that tear your clothes or scratch your skin. Even the rocks which peer down on the garden below are softened by moss.

It's all so graceful for this is a world of soft, rounded contours. It's a world of peace. And, it's a world where you hang somewhere in a controlled, meditative suspension.

There is no violence in this world. No sound of stumbling feet, No sounds period. There are no people.

This is a world of misty blue. Blue is said to be the oriental colour of spirituality. Light plays its magic with blue notes.

I like the interconnectiveness of light in this work. The, moonlight, the bridge, the pathway and the touches of light which sparkle on the tops of plants. It's a place where you would expect, twinkling, dancing spirits.

It looks like our world, but it's so designed that it gives the viewer a sense of profound peace and timelessness - as if the artist, has had a vision of some place - eternal. A place prepared for us. A mystical Shangrila - where you can sit forever in the lotus position and contemplate the divine.

While it would seem complete to end my critiquing here, there is something more to it than meditative otherworldliness. The perfect roundness of the bushes, give it an ethereal, almost cinematic quality. But then again, that's what we should expect from Barry - for his personal life story is rich with his work with Disney and with the film arts.

Nicely painted Barry.

Look for Barry's personal story and other works in a not too distant blog entry.

Benjamin's Dream, sung by Don Charbonneau: A song of the life of native artist, Benjamin Che Che

Saturday, January 2, 2010

Le Refus Global: Continuation of blogs on Quebec's Artistic Revolution

To hear this CBC archival entry about the creation of The Automatistes in Montreal, please click here. The radio documentary is about 5 minutes in length.

Friday, January 1, 2010

Zoltan Szabo - Watercolourist Supreme: 1928-2003

Canada can lay claim to having been the home of the reknown watercolourist, Zoltan Szabo, but then again both Hungary and the United States share equal claim.

Szabo, you see, was born in Hungary. He fled his communist homeland, and emigrated to Canada where he lived for 30 years before moving to the United States in the 1970's.

Zoltan Szabo made a huge impact upon beginning artists with his 10 instructional watercolour painting books, and his many workshops.

Szabo was noted for his simple, direct paintings and his advanced understanding of how to maximize the power of colour.

"Painting with the minimum number of colors to achieve maximum result is a sign of sophistication and compositional discipline."

"Contrasting color temperatures are as important as value contrasts."

"Complementary hues lose their color identity when mixed in optically equal combination. I try to select one color which is light in value and another which can go dark if I need it to."

"Allow one color, or just a couple of analogous colors, to dominate the mood of the painting; and let the others fulfil a supporting role."

Please click here to open the quotation source: Robert Genn's 'Painter's Keys.',.

Fredericks-Artworks Blog, copying policy

The Canadian Copyright act, section 29 reports on fairdealing, that it is not an infringement to reproduce someone else's work for research, study, criticism, review or to report. Which pretty much sums up what this site is about. All content sources, be they artists, printed references, and website url's are respectfully identified on this site. http://http//

Mission Statement
A Portrait of the Visual Arts in Canada, is intended to celebrate the richness of Canada's visual arts, and to promote the arts in Canada.

Statement of Intent
I make every effort to credit the sources of information used in this blog and to obtain the permission and cooperation of all the works presented by living artists. I try, as much as possible to use works from public sources eg. national and provincial collections, of deceased artists. If for any reason, any artist disapproves of anything written about them or their work the artist is encouraged to request withdrawal of the content.